Member of Navagraha
Budha, British Museum-13th century, Konark
AffiliationGraha, Deva
MountYali lion, or chariot hauled by eight horses of deep yellow colour
Personal information
  1. About vedic astrology. Vedic Astrology is called Jyotish in Sanskrit, which means the science of light.It’s a sister-science to Ayurveda and Yoga. The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts that offer a blueprint for individual and collective spiritual evolution. Westerners are increasingly drawn to the Vedic sciences as we discover the benefits of Yoga, Meditation, and Ayurveda.
  2. Astrology is a Divine Science which shows us light in the darkest times and shows path when we are lost. It is a science of hope and unfolds the mystery of life. Astrology is gift of the Lord to mankind to successfully cross over the ocean of material existence.
  3. Dedicated to teaching traditional Vedic Astrologythrough well-structured material and interactive online courses.Learn from an ancient lineage of astrologers and the source texts VEDIC ASTROLOGY INTRODUCTION COURSE See More SCIENCE OF LIGHTCOURSE 1 See More SCIENCE OF LIGHTCOURSE 2 See More VEDIC ASTROLOGYHISTORY See More ABOUT.
  4. Jyotisha, more commonly known as Vedic astrology, is the science of light. It is considered the “eye of the Vedas”. As part of the extensive Vedic healing system, Jyotisha is meant to be studied in correspondence with the other limbs of the Vedas which include Ayurveda and Yoga.

Budha (Sanskrit: बुध) is a Sanskrit word that connotes the planet Mercury.[2][3] Budha, in Puranic Hindu legends, is also a deity.[4]

Before reading this book I had no real knowledge of vedic astrology, and after finishing it I can confidently read charts and feel like I am on my path to be an astrologer. It’s not light reading, the book goes very deep and can be technical at times, however it’s written in a way that is easy to comprehend.

He is also known as Soumya (Sanskrit: सौम्य, lit. son of Moon), Rauhineya and Tunga.[4]


Budha as a planet appears in various Hindu astronomical texts in Sanskrit, such as the 5th century Aryabhatiya by Aryabhatta, the 6th century Romaka by Latadeva and Panca Siddhantika by Varahamihira, the 7th century Khandakhadyaka by Brahmagupta, and the 8th century Sisyadhivrddida by Lalla.[5][6](pp vii–xi) These texts present Budha as one of the planets and estimate the characteristics of the respective planetary motion.[6](pp vii–xi) Other texts such as Surya Siddhanta dated to have been complete sometime between the 5th century and 10th century present their chapters on various planets with deity mythologies.[6](pp vii–xi)

The manuscripts of these texts exist in slightly different versions, present Budha's motion in the skies, but vary in their data, suggesting that the text were open and revised over their lives. The texts slightly disagree in their data, in their measurements of Budha's revolutions, apogee, epicycles, nodal longitudes, orbital inclination, and other parameters.[6](pp ix-xi) For example, both Khandakhadyaka and Surya Siddhanta of Varaha state that Budha completes 17,937,000 revolutions on its own axis every 4,320,000 years, and had an apogee (aphelia) of 220 degrees in 499 CE; while another manuscript of Surya Siddhanta increases the revolutions by 60 to 17,937,060, and the apogee to 220 degrees and 26 seconds.[6](pp ix-x)

Science Of Light Vedic Astrology Ephemeris

The 1st millennium CE Hindu scholars had estimated the time it took for sidereal revolutions of each planet including Budha, from their astronomical studies, with slightly different results:[6](pp 26-27)

Sanskrit texts: How many days for Budha (Mercury) to complete its orbit?
SourceEstimated time per sidereal revolution[6](pp 26-27)
Surya Siddhanta87 days, 23 hours, 16 minutes, 22.3 seconds
Siddhanta Shiromani87 days, 23 hours, 16 minutes, 41.5 seconds
Ptolemy (Almagest)87 days, 23 hours, 16 minutes, 42.9 seconds
20th century calculation87 days, 23 hours, 15 minutes, 43.9 seconds
Budha as the benovolent planet Mercury


Budha appears as a deity in Indian texts, often as the son of Soma (moon god, Chandra) and Tara (wife of Bṛhaspati, Jupiter god). Budha's legendary parental deities are not consistent in Hindu Puranas: He is alternatively described as the son of goddess Rohini (a daughter of Daksha) and god Soma.[4] Budha had a son, king Pururavas, by his spouse Ila.

One of the earliest mentions of Budha as a celestial body appears in the Vedic textPancavimsa Brahmana, and it appears in other ancient texts such as the Shatapatha Brahmana as well, but not in the context of astrology. In the Vedas, Budha is linked to three steps of the Hindu god Vishnu.[4]

Calendar and Hindu astrology[edit]

Budha is the root of the word 'Budhavara' or Wednesday in the Hindu calendar.[2] The word 'Wednesday' in the Greco-Roman and other Indo-European calendars is also dedicated to planet Mercury ('day of Woden or Oden').

Budha is part of the Navagraha in Hindu zodiac system, considered benevolent, associated with an agile mind and memory. The role and importance of the Navagraha developed over time with various influences. Deifying planetary bodies and their astrological significance occurred as early as the Vedic period and was recorded in the Vedas. The earliest work of astrology recorded in India is the Vedanga Jyotisha which began to be compiled in the 14th century BCE. It was possibly based on works from the Indus Valley Civilization as well as various foreign influences. Babylonian astrology which was the first astrology and calendar to develop, and was adopted by multiple civilizations including India. The classical planets, including Mercury, were referenced in the Atharvaveda around 1000 BCE.

The Navagraha was furthered by additional contributions from Western Asia, including Zoroastrian and Hellenistic influences. The Yavanajataka, or Science of the Yavanas, was written by the Indo-Greek named 'Yavanesvara' ('Lord of the Greeks') under the rule of the Western Kshatrapa king Rudrakarman I. The Yavanajataka written in 120 CE is often attributed to standardizing Indian astrology. The Navagraha would further develop and culminate in the Shaka era with the Saka, or Scythian, people. Additionally the contributions by the Saka people would be the basis of the Indian national calendar, which is also called the Saka calendar.

Budha is also the root for name for the week day in many other Indian languages. In modern Hindi, Odia, Telugu, Bengali, Marathi, Urdu, Kannada and Gujarati, Wednesday is called Budhavara; Tamil: Budhan kizhamai; Malayalam: Budhanazhcha; Thai: Wan Phut (วันพุธ).[citation needed]


Budha's iconography, according to Roshen Dalal, is as a benevolent[7] but a minor male deity with light yellow colored (or green) body, draped into yellow clothes, holding a scimitar, a club, and a shield. He is canonically represented riding a chariot made of air and fire, drawn by eight wind horses; but in some illustrations, he rides a lion and has four arms, and in Bhudhan Temple he is depicted riding a winged lion.[2]

Budha has been linguistically related to Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, though this is controversial [8][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^https://www.astroved.com/astropedia/en/planets/budha
  2. ^ abcdDalal, Roshen (2010). Hinduism: An alphabetical guide. Penguin Books India. p. 88. ISBN978-0-14-341421-6.
  3. ^'Best Life Story of Gautam Budhha in Hindi'. motivatorindia.in. September 2019.
  4. ^ abcdMahoney, Terry (2013). Mercury. Springer Science. p. 2. ISBN978-1-4614-7951-2 – via Google Books.
  5. ^Chatterjee, Bina (1970). The Khandakhadyaka (an astronomical treatise) of Brahmagupta, with the commentary of Bhattotpala (in Sanskrit). Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 59–64. OCLC463213346 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ abcdefgBurgess, Ebenezer (1989). Ganguly, P.; Sengupta, P. (eds.). Sûrya-Siddhânta: A text-book of Hindu astronomy. Motilal Banarsidass (reprint); Yale University Press, American Oriental Society (original). ISBN978-81-208-0612-2 – via Google Books.
  7. ^Lochtefeld, James G. (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A–M. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 324. ISBN978-0-8239-3179-8.
  8. ^'[no title cited]'. University of Washington.
  9. ^Gray, Patrick (2015). Varieties of Religious Invention: Founders and their functions in history. Oxford University Press. p. 46, footnote [19]. ISBN978-0-19-935972-1 – via Google Books.

Further reading[edit]

  • Svoboda, Robert (1997). The Greatness of Saturn: A therapeutic myth. Lotus Press. ISBN0-940985-62-4.
  • Pingree, David (1973). 'The Mesopotamian origin of early Indian mathematical astronomy'. Journal for the History of Astronomy. SAGE. 4 (1): 1–12. Bibcode:1973JHA...4..1P. doi:10.1177/002182867300400102. S2CID125228353.
  • Pingree, David (1981). Jyotihśāstra: Astral and Mathematical Literature. Otto Harrassowitz. ISBN978-3447021654.
  • Ohashi, Yukio (1999). Andersen, Johannes (ed.). Highlights of Astronomy. 11B. Springer Science. ISBN978-0-7923-5556-4 – via Google Books.
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Budha&oldid=1017583754'
  1. Pushkara Navamansha https://myjyotish.wordpress.com/basic-information/grahas-planets/pushkara-navamansha/
PlanetFriends (mitra)Enemies (shatru)Neutrals (sama)
SunMoon, Mars, Jup.Saturn, Venus, RaMercury, Ke
MoonSun, Mercurynoneall others
MarsSun, Moon, Jup.MercuryVenus, Saturn, Ra, Ke
Merc.Sun, VenusMoon, KeMars, Jup, Sat, Ra
JupiterMoon, Mars, SunMercury, Venus, RaSaturn, Ke
VenusMerc, Sa, RaSun, MoonMars, Ju, Ke
SaturnMerc, Venus, RaSun, Moon, Mars, RaJupiter
RahuVenus, SaturnSun, Moon, MarsJupiter, Mercury, Ke
KetuSun, MarsVenus, SaturnJupiter, Ra, Mercury, Moon
Calculating Temporary Relationships for the planets in a Rashi Chart in Jyotish, or Vedic Astrology. This is also called Tatkalika or temporary friendships (Graha Maitra = planetary friendships).
Friend (Mitra)+Friend=Best Friend (Adhi Mitra)
Enemy (Satru)+Enemy=Great Enemy (Adhi satru)
Neutral (Sama)+Friend=Friend

The first column is the natural relation covered in the Natural Friendship chart above. To calculate the middle Temporary relation column for any one planet: Temporary Friends: planets in houses 2, 3, 4 and 10, 11, 12 from any it. Temporary Enemies, planets in conjunction with, or in 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 houses from it.

Retrograde Grahas: http://srigaruda.com/index.php/en/publications/articles/89-retro

… So we can infer: a retrograde malefic/tamasic graha is like a curse when in own sign/exaltation and in the beneficial houses i.e. kendra and trikona, as it completely devastates these houses. Whereas his placement in dusthana when in own sign/exaltation will act like a vipareet raja yoga and destroy enemies.
Opposite will happen in his debilitation sign.

Grahas (planets):

  1. Su – Surya (Sun)
  2. Ch – Chandra (Moon)
  3. Bu – Budha (Mercury)
  4. Sk – Shukra (Venus)
  5. Ma – Mangal/Kudja (Mars)
  6. Gu – Guru (Jupiter)
  7. Sa – Shani (Saturn)
  8. Ra – Rahu
  9. Ke – Ketu

from http://www.keralaastrology.com/basics.htm

Planet Lord of house

  • Sun Leo
  • Moon Cancer
  • Mars Aries& Sagitarus
  • Mercury Virgo &Gemini
  • Jupiter Sagittarius&Pises
  • Venus Libra& taurus
  • Saturn Aquarius&capricon

Rahu or kethu havenot own any house but behave like the which planet that own his house and planet which joined with Rahu or Kethu

GrahaRasi (Sign)Exaltation (Uchcha)Deep ExaltationDetriment (Neecha)Deep DetrimentMulatricon
Sun SuryaLeoAries10oLibra10oLeo
Moon Chandra, SomaCancerTaurus3oScorpio3oTaurus
Mars Kuja, MangalaAries, ScorpioCapricorn28oCancer28oAries
Mercury BuddhaGemini,VirgoVirgo15oPisces15oVirgo
Jupiter Guru, BrihaspatiSagittarius, PiscesCancer5oCapricorn5 oSagittari
Venus SukraTaurus,LibraPisces27oVirgo27oLibra
Saturn SaniCapricorn, AquariusLibra20oAries20oAquarius

Planets and its Significations


(1)The soul (2)power (3)Father (4)fortress (5) good strength (6) heat (7)splendour (8)fire (9)worship of Siva (10)courage (11)thorned trees (12)being in royal favour (13)bitterness (14)old age (15)cattle (16)wickedness (17)land (18)father (19)taste (20)self-realisation (21)skyward look (22)one born of a timid woman (23)world of mortals (24)square (25)bone (26)valour (27)grass (28)the belly (29)strenuous effort (30)forest (31)half a year (32)eye (33)wandering over the mountains (34)quadruped (35)king (36)travelling (37)dealing (38)bite (39)scorch (40)circular shape


(1)Mother (2)flower (3)good perfune (40going to a fortress (5)disease (6)Brahmin (7)idleness (8)Phlegmatic humour (9)epilepsy (10)enlargement of the spleen (11)mental disposition (12)heart (13)woman (14)virtue or vice (15)sourness (16)sleep (17)happiness (18)any thing like water (19)silver (20)thick sugarcane (21)typhoid (22)travel (23)well (24)tank (25)mother (26)impartiality (27)mid-day (28)pearls (29) consumption (30)whiteness (31)waistband (32)bell-metal (33)salt (34)short stature (35)mind (36)ability (37)pond (38)diamond (39)winter season (40) a break of 48 minutes


(1) SPORTS (2)land (3)strength (4)carrying arms for the battle (5)Kingship (6)loss of verility (7)thief (8)battle (9)hostility (10)enemy(11)generosity (12)love for deep red colour things ((13)owning a garden(14)sound of a trumpet (15) affection(16)quadruped (17)king (18)fool (19)anger (20)going to a foreign country (21)firmness (22)supporter (23)fire (24)controversy (25)bile (26)heat (27)wound (28)service under a ruler (29)day (30)sky (31)seeing (32)shortness (33)disease (34)fame (35)tin (36)sword (37)lance or spear (38)minister (39)fracture of a limb (40)jewel


(1)education (2)‘horses (3)treasury (4)mathematics (5)wisdom (6)speech(7)Brahmin (8)infantry (9)writing (10)new garment(11)palatial building (12)green colour (13)sculprure (14)astrology (15)pilgrimage to holy places(16)wise lectures (17)temple (18)trading (19)best ornaments (20)courteous speech(21)Vedanta philosophy (22)maternal-grand-father (23)bad dreams (24eunuch (25)facing North (26)skin (27)wet (28)bell-metal (29)renunciation (30)Ritu (31)a beautiful house (32)doctor (33)neck (34)influencing through recitation of mantras (35)child (36)crooked look(37)heaven (38)modesty (39)paternal relation (40)fear


(1)SON OR DAUGHTER (2)Guru (3)one’s duty(4)Chariot (5)cow (6)infantry (7)savings(8)Meemamsa (9)treasure (10)horse (11)curd, etc. (12)large body (13)Valour (14)reputation (15)logic (16)astrology (17)son (18)grandson (19)dropsy(20)wealth of elephants (21)philosophy (22)great grand-fathers (23)palacial house (24)gems (25)eldest brother (26)grand father (27)Lord Indra (28)cold season(29)wrath (30)jewel (31)merchant (32)physical health (33)a beautiful mansion (34)royal honour (35)thigh (36)Gods (37)penance (38)charity(39)religious duty (40)helping others



(1)WIFE OR LOVER (2)a good chowrie (3)garment (4)marriage (5)income (6) a biped (7)woman (8)Brahmin (9)Subha (10)Whiteness (11)wife (12)sexual happiness (13)short (14)sour (15)flower (16)command (17)fame (18)Youthful vigour (19)Vehicle(20)silver(21)South-East quarter (22)saltish(23)ogling (24)scratching (25)half a month (26)the quality of passion (27)strong (28)pearl (29)Yajur Veda (30) Vaisya (31)beauty (32)buying and selling (33)love-making (34)watery resort (35)elephant (36)horse (37)variegated colour (38)poetry (39)dancing (40)middle age



(1)laziness, etc.(2)obstruction(3)OLDER PEOPLE(4)elephant(5)skin(6)gain7)proof or tness(8)distress(9)sickness(10)misunderstanding(11)misery(12)death(13)happiness through a woman(14)maid servant(15)asses and mules(16)outcaste (17)one with disfigured limbs(18)haunting woods(19)handsome look(20)gift(21)a lord(22)a portion of life(23)eunuch(24)one born of the lowest caste(25)birds(26)the three sacred fires(27)a servile duty(28)unrighteous conduct(29)one without manliness(30)telling lies(31)long lasting(32)wind (33)old age(34)tendons and muscles(35)strong at the end of the day(36) Sisira Ritu or winter(37)great-anger(38)exertion(39)born of a very low mother (40)bastard

Science Of Light Vedic Astrology Signs


(1) Umbrella (2)Chowrie (3)kingdom (4)gathering (5)fellacious argument (6)hurting byspeech(7)downcast(8)wicked woman(9)decorated vehicle(10)an irreligious man(11)gambling(12)strong at twilight(13)intriguing with a wicked woman(14)going abroad (15)impurity(16)bone(17)enlargement of spleen(18)falsehood(19)downward look(20)perplexity(21)emerald(22)facing the Southern quarter(23)shelter of outcaste or low people(24painfulswelling(25)a big forest(26)wandering in rugged places(27)mountain(28)pain(29)staying outside(30)tending towards South-West(31)wind(32)phlegm(33)sorrow(34)serpent(35)night breeze(36)sharp(37)long(38)reptile(39)reading of dreams(40)travel


Science of light vedic astrology horoscopes

(1)Worship of God Chandeesa, God Ganesha and many other gods(2)doctor(3)dog(4)a cook(5)vulture(6)salvation(7)all kinds of wealth(8)consumption (9)pain(10)fever(11)bathing in the Holy Ganges(12)great penance(13)wind(14)a Hunter(15)friendship(16)conferring of prosperity(17) stone(18)wound(19)witchcraft(20)inconstancy(21)knowledge of Brahma(22)belly(23)eyesore(24)stupidity(25)thorn(26)deer(27)knowledge(28)observingsilence as a fast (29)philosophy(30)all sorts of luxuries(31)luck(32)trouble from enemies(33)loss of appetite(34)indifference to the world (35)paternal grandfather(36)hunger(37)severe stomachache(38)boil sand the like skin troubles(39)revoking the orders of arrest and (40)the association of Sudra.

Malefics and benefics: Planets are termed natural benefics and natural malefics. These are: Jupiter, Venus, Mercury and increasing Moon-natural benefics; Saturn, Mars, Rahu and Ketu-Natural malefics. If Mercury joins a natural malefic, he does not remain auspicious. As regards the Moon, she is auspicious from 10th day of dark fortnight through the 5th day of bright fortnight.

Apart from the above, planets are classified as favourable and adverse based on births under the 12 different ascendants. These are narrated below:


Aries: Pure benefics are Jupiter and the Sun. Malefics are Saturn, Mercury and Venus. Venus is the prime killer. Jupiter will give inauspicious results if he is conjunct an adverse planet. However when with Saturn he is not wholly adverse.

Taurus: Saturn and the Sun are benefics and can cause Rajayoga. Jupiter, Venus and Moon are not auspicious and may prove death inflicting palnets. Mercury can cause some Yoga.

Gemini: Venus is the only benefic. Mars, Sun and Jupiter are inauspicious. Saturn and Jupiter together behave in the same manner as for Aries birth. The Moon is the prime killer. (Some replace the Moon with Saturn).

Cancer: Mercury and Venus are malefics. Mars, Jupiter and Moon are auspicious. Mars is a supreme Rajayoga karaka. Saturn is capable of inflicting death and is Maraka lord.

Leo: Inauspicious planets are Mercury, Venus and Saturn. Mars, Jupiter and the Sun are benefics. Jupiter with Venus cannot give fully benefic results. Saturn is Maraka and the Moon’s effects depend on her association.

Virgo: Mars, Jupiter and the Moon are adverse. Venus is the only favourable planet. Mars is a Maraka lord.

Libra: Saturn and Mercury prove auspicious. The moon and Mercury and capable of conferring great benefits and position. Jupiter, the Sun and Mars are inauspicious. Mars is a Maraka lord. Venus gives balanced results for this ascendant, if unafflicted by others.

Scorpio: Jupiter, as well as the Moon are benefics, the Moon and the Sun are Rajayoga planets. Mercury and Venus give inauspicious effects. Saturn gives mixed results . Jupiter if illrelated will become a Maraka. Mars is of mixed nature.

Sagittarius: Venus is adverse. Mercury, Mars and the Sun are yogakaraakas. If the Sun joins Mercury he will also become a Rajayoga Karaka. Saturn is a killer apart from Venus.

Taurus november horoscope 2021. Capricorn: Mars, Jupiter and the Moon are inauspicious. Venus and Mercury are benefical. Saturn is not a Maraka lord, while Mars etc. may prove as killers.

Aquarius: Jupiter, Moon and Mars produce adverse results. Venus and Saturn are exclusively benefics. Mars and Jupiter are killers. If others are related to one of these two, they will also become adverse.

Pisces: Saturn, Venus, Mercurry and the Sun are classified as unfavourable. Mars and Moon are auspicious. Mars and Jupiter are Yogakarakas. Saturn and Mercury are Marakas.

Science Of Light Vedic Astrology Compatibility

PlanetSignifiesCabinet PositGunaCasteSex
Sun SuryaAtman or Universal soulKingSattvicKshatriyasMale
Moon ChandraManas or mindQueenSattvicVaishyasFemale
Mars Kuja, MangalastrengthGeneralTamasicKshatriyasMale
Mercury BuddhaSpeech giverHeirRajasicVaishyasNeuter
Jupiter Guru, BrihaspatiConfers wisdom & happinessSenior ministerSattvicBrahminsMale
Venus SukraPassionJunior ministerRajasicBrahminFemale
Saturn SaniDiscipline misery & grief servantTamasicSudraNeuter
RahuIncessant desirearmyTamasicMixed –
KetuEscapismarmyTamasicMixed –
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